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NASA is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It was founded in 1958.

Programs (manned)

Mercury (1961-1965)

Gemini (1965-1966)

Apollo phase 1 (1967-1969)

Apollo phase 2 (1970-1977)

Apollo phase 3 (1978-1981)

Goddard Base/Luna Base, and Apollo phase 4 (1982-present,renamed in 1997)

Skylab A (1972-1974)

Skylab B (1975-1979)

Space Station Freedom (1980-2001)

Space Shuttle (1981-2014)

Apollo phase 5 (Orion,1990-present)

International Space Station (1997-present)

Constellation Exploration Initiative (1985-present)

  • Ares program (1988-present)
  • Plymouth program (1991-present)

Commercial Space Transportation-Cargo (1996-present)

Commercial Space Transportation-Crew (2002-present)

Next Generation Shuttle (2005-present)

Programs (unmanned)

  • Explorer program (1958-ongoing)
  • Pioneer program (1958-1978)
  • Echo project (1960-1964)
  • Ranger program (1961-1965)
  • Telstar (1962-1963, commercial project with NASA contribution)
  • Mariner program (1963-1973)
  • Lunar Orbiter program (1966-1972)
  • Surveyor program (1966-1969)
  • Helios probes (1974-1976)
  • Viking program (1975)
  • Voyager program (1977)
  • High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 (1977)
  • Pioneer Mars (1979)
  • Solar Maximum mission (1980)
  • Infrared Astronomical Satellite, IRAS (1983)
  • Pioneer Mars 2 (1984)
  • IRAS II (1986)
  • Mars Surveyor (1985-present)
  • Magellan probe (1989)
  • Galileo probe (1989)
  • Hubble Space Telescope (1990)
  • Mars Observer (1990)
  • Ulysses (1990)
  • Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite, UARS (1991)
  • Discovery program (1988-ongoing)
  • Clementine (1994)
  • Mars Global Surveyor (1996)
  • Cassini-Huygens (1997)
  • New Millennium program (1997-2017)
  • Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (2002)
  • Earth Observing System (1995-present)
  • Mars Exploration rovers (2001,2003,2005)
  • MESSENGER (2004)
  • Pluto Kuiper Express (2004-ongoing), captured images of Pluto in 2013.
  • Mars Scout program (2007-ongoing)
    • Phoenix (2007-2008)
    • ARES (2011)
    • MAVEN (2013-2014)
    • Mars Trace Gas Orbiter (2018)
  • Dawn (2007)
  • Mars Sample Return (2001,2003)-rendered unnecessary by Ares 4 in 1997 and cancelled in 1999
  • Mars Telecommunications Orbiter (2009)
  • Mars Science Laboratory (2011)
  • Space Interferometry Mission (2011)
  • James Webb Space Telescope (2012)
  • Thousand Astronomical Units, TAU Interstellar Explorer (2013) is expected to reach 200 AU in 2017, 400 AU in 2023, 600 AU in 2028, 800 AU in 2034 and 1000 AU in 2041.
  • Terrestrial Planet Finder (2014)
  • Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (2015-ongoing), will reach target in 2021.

Planned missions Edit

  • Neptune Orbiter (2016)
  • Solar Probe Plus (2018)
  • Terrestrial Planet Finder-I (2020)
  • Venus In Situ Explorer (2022)
  • Uranus Pathfinder (2025), with ESA
  • Pluto orbiter (late 2020s)
  • Commercial Planetary Science and Exploration Initiative (first launch 2019)

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